Bronchial asthma

Bronchial asthma is a recurrent respiratory disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the respiratory system. Some people are helped by this drug:

Due to chronic inflammation, the sensitivity of the bronchi to external stimuli is greatly increased, manifested by bronchial spasm. This condition is called bronchial hyperreactivity.

All patients have attacks of suffocation, which are always accompanied by bronchial asthma. The causes of these attacks are related to spasms, excess mucus production and inflammatory swelling of the bronchi.

Проблемы пациентов с бронхиальной астмой

Causes of bronchial asthma
Why does bronchial asthma occur? The causes of the disease may be both immunological and unrelated to the immune response to external stimuli. Among the risk factors for the development of bronchial asthma are internal and external.

Internal factors include:

hereditary predisposition
male gender (as a child)
Female gender (starting at puberty).
External risk factors for the development of bronchial asthma:

various allergens
unhealthy working conditions
taking certain medications
other factors.
Risk factors that provoke bronchial asthma attacks:

respiratory infections
Fluctuations in humidity and air temperature
excessive physical activity
food allergens
certain medications
other factors.
Despite the fact that one of the most common respiratory diseases is bronchial asthma, the symptoms of this disease appear differently in all people. It depends on the severity, stage of the disease and the frequency of exacerbations.

The following are the main signs of bronchial asthma in adults:

attacks of shortness of breath
Coughing fits
wheezing and heaviness in the chest.
The symptoms of bronchial asthma in the early stages of the disease are similar to the symptoms of bronchitis and other respiratory diseases, but taking cough medicines for this disease does not provide relief and can only increase the choking attack.

When an attack of choking should be consulted by a pulmonologist, who will conduct the necessary examination and make an accurate diagnosis. Bronchial asthma is diagnosed by instrumental and laboratory methods:

Spirometry (examination of pulmonary function)
Pythluometry (measurement of maximum expiratory velocity)
computed tomography
blood test
sputum analysis.

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